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Turkey’s stock exchange suspended trading for the first time in 24 years, following a selloff that erased $35 billion from the value of its main equities gauge in the wake of two devastating earthquakes.
“Our stock exchange has decided to halt trading in equities, futures and options markets,” Borsa Istanbul said in a statement on Wednesday morning, following two market-wide circuit breakers. It didn’t say when trading would resume.
The benchmark Borsa Istanbul 100 Index has lost 16% this week, erasing almost $35 billion from the value of its member stocks, in the aftermath of two deadly earthquakes that struck Turkey’s southern region. Turkish stocks, which are this year’s worst performers globally, entered a technical bear market on Tuesday after falling more than 20% from their January high.
Follow the latest updates from the devastating earthquakes in Turkey and Syria here.
“At times of catastrophes like this, suspending trading in the stock market is a better decision in order to protect investors,” said Haydar Acun, managing partner of Marmara Capital in Istanbul. Investing in equities is popular among locals as a hedge against the country’s rampant inflation, which surged to a high of around 86% in 2022.
The death toll from the powerful earthquakes that hit ten Turkish cities and parts of neighboring Syria has already topped 8,000, with emergency teams racing against time to rescue potentially thousands of victims trapped in the rubble in freezing temperatures. Turkey has begun deploying soldiers in areas hit by the tremors following the announcement of a three-month state of emergency.
Memories of 1999, when an earthquake hit Turkey’s industrial hub near Istanbul, contributed to panic among retail traders this week. Trading in Turkish stocks was suspended for a week at the time, leading to discussions among market players this time around whether it would be more appropriate to do the same.
“The current panic and pessimistic mode may have also increased risks for traders as it clouds rational thinking. It’s late, but still the right decision to take,” said Mehmet Gerz, chief investment officer at Istanbul-based Ata Portfoy.
The slump in Turkish stocks is the worst three-day drop since December 2021 and is set to be the worst weekly performance since the 2008 global financial crisis. Several automatic market-wide circuit-breakers were triggered on Tuesday and Wednesday after Turkey’s Capital Markets Board eased some of the precautionary measures it took on Monday in order to limit the fallout.
The total number of equity investors from the quake-hit cities stood at around 380,000 as of January, according to statistics from the Central Securities Depository of Turkey. That makes up about 10% of all equity accounts investing in the Turkish stock market.
Before trading was halted, several companies had been trying to contain the damage to their shares by announcing share repurchase plans. Among them were state-owned Turk Telekomunikasyon AS, which announced a new buyback program on Wednesday before the market opened, and mobile phone operator Turkcell Iletisim Hizmetleri AS, which increased the amount it’s allocated for bond, stock and ADR buybacks.
Some exchange-traded funds tracking Turkish assets in Europe and the US were still trading after the Turkish gauge was suspended. The iShares MSCI Turkey UCITS ETF was down about 7.4% as of 12:10 p.m. in London, while the iShares MSCI Turkey ETF fell 5.9% in US premarket trading.
On Twitter, the hashtag “#borsadaislemleriptaledilsin” — calling for cancellation of this week’s trades on Borsa Istanbul — was the top trending topic in Turkey on Wednesday.
“There’s a liquidity crunch, so if the market remained open, it would have continued to plummet,” said Gokhan Uskuay, a fund manager at Istanbul-based portfolio manager Allbatross. “It may be too late for the exchange to cancel Monday’s trades, but it’s possible to cancel trades on Tuesday and Wednesday, and that’s what they should do,” he said.
–With assistance from Inci Ozbek.
(Updates with more details, ETF moves, from ninth paragraph.)
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