10x Genomics Inc (TXG) Q3 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

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10x Genomics Inc (NASDAQ: TXG)
Q3 2019 Earnings Call
Nov 07, 2019, 5:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the 10x Genomics Q3 2019 earnings conference call. [Operator instructions] I would now like to turn the conference over to your host, Lynn [Inaudible], investor relations. Please go ahead.

Unknown speaker

Thank you. Earlier today, 10x Genomics released financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2019. If you have not received this news release and would like to be added to the company’s distribution list, please send an email to investors@10xgenomics.com. An archived webcast of this call will be available on the Investor tab of the company’s website, 10xgenomics.com, for at least 14 days following this call.

Before I begin, I’d like to remind you that management will make statements during this call that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws. These statements involve material risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to materially differ from those anticipated, and you should not take undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Additional information regarding these risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause results to differ appears in the press release 10x Genomics issued today and in the documents and reports filed by 10x Genomics from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the company’s prospective dated September 11, 2019. 10x Genomics disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any financial projections or forward-looking statements whether because of new information, future events, or otherwise.

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This conference call contains time-sensitive information and is accurate only as of the live broadcast, November 7, 2019. With that, I’d like to turn the call over to Serge Saxonov, the company’s co-founder and chief executive officer. Serge?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Lynn, and thank you, everyone, for joining us this afternoon. I’m pleased to welcome you to 10x Genomics’ first earnings call as a public company to review our third-quarter 2019 results. Joining me today is Justin McAnear, our chief financial officer. Brad Crutchfield, our chief commercial officer, will join us for Q&A.

As many of you know, we completed our initial public offering in September, raising $411 million in net proceeds. I want to express my sincere thanks to the awesome team we have assembled at 10x Genomics. Our progress is a function of their collective hard work and dedication. I would also like to take a moment to thank our investors for their support.

And finally, I’d like to acknowledge the amazing work being done by our customers around the world. It is their work, their science, their discoveries that motivate us more than anything else at 10x. And as excited as we are about how far we have come, what really drives us is the sense that we’re just getting started. And so now, revenue for the third quarter totaled $61.2 million, representing growth of 67% over the prior-year quarter.

Based on these results, we’re providing full-year 2019 revenue guidance of $238 million to $242 million. And before we get into more specifics on the quarter, I will take a moment to give you a sense of the vision that is driving 10x. This is the century of biology. We expect that many of humanity’s most pressing health challenges will be solved by precision diagnostics, targeted therapies, and cures to currently intractable diseases.

We also believe the biggest obstacle to this progress is that we understand very little of the underlying biology. In fact, the amount of biology we don’t understand is vastly greater than what we do understand. And the most fundamental feature of biology, what makes it different from just about every other discipline, what makes it so challenging is it’s a reducible complexity. And the way to address this complexity is to measure biology on a massive scale at the right level of resolution of individual cells, molecules, and their interactions.

At 10x Genomics, our goal is to become exceptional at building technologies and tools to accelerate progress across the life sciences in the coming decades, to lead the transformation of biology through resolution and scale to allow the world to see biology it could not see before to do things with biology they could not do before. We have [Inaudible] many different fields, chemistry, hardware, microfluidics, biochemistry, software and brought those innovations together into the products we have on the market. We provide integrated solutions, including instruments, reagents, and software. We focus on end-to-end products, spanning laboratory workflow through data analysis to visualization.

Since going commercial in 2015, we have launched numerous products, all aimed at measuring [Inaudible] and biological systems, including DNA, epigenetics, RNA, proteins and immune repertoire. Notably, our products have helped ignite a single-cell revolution that is changing our understanding of module biology. Our Chromium platform enables measurements of different kinds of [Inaudible] across thousands to hundreds of thousands of single cells. This allows researchers to see what is going on in their biological systems at the right level of resolution.

Our Visium platform, which we expect to launch by the end of the year, enables spatial analysis. Spatial analysis provides information on how cells and molecules are arranged with respect to one another in tissues. And now we have a large and rapidly growing body of scientific publications that have come out of our customers’ labs. There are now over 570 papers where our customers have made fundamental scientific discoveries using our products.

And even more exciting than just the number of publications has been the breadth of areas where we have seen our customers do their work and a tremendous number of applications where our products are being used spanning oncology, immunology, neuroscience, infectious diseases, conditions of pregnancy. It’s hard to think of an area of biology where 10x is not being used. So we’re drawing customers in revenue from all across life science research. Our capabilities are sweeping away much of the conventional toolkit of standard biology, whether it’s molecular biology, cell biology, or proteomics.

Our instruments of workloads have been designed to go on every bench and every research lab. And there is no simple [Inaudible] we’re doing. We’re not replacing any single technology or approach. Rather, we are creating new markets across the life science research.

We estimate the total global life science research tools market to be more than $50 billion. Now in the near term, we believe there is a $13 billion market opportunity in front of us. This includes areas where researchers are already looking to run high-throughput, large-scale experiments, things like next-generation sequencing flow cytometry microarrays. So the rest of the research world [Inaudible] the new high-resolution large-scale way of standing biology, we believe that more of the total global tools market will become accessible to us over time.

Importantly, this market assessment does not include any opportunities beyond the current life science research tools market. In the long run, we believe that our approach and our technology to master biology will be foundational for the development of clinical applications and many new therapies. But for now, in the near term, we’re focused on the vast growth potential ahead of us in the research tools market. Today, we sell Chromium instruments, which provide a source of upfront revenue for us.

Our Chromium instrument is listed at $75,000 to make it broad and accessible to our customers. Once an instrument is placed, we focus on driving utilization, which entails the purchasing of consumables and provides a source of recurring revenue. Annual Chromium consumable pull-through has leveraged around $150,000 per instrument. Our consumables include proprietary microfluidic chips, slides, reagents, and other components.

Chromium is a closed system so our customers must buy reagents from us to run on our instruments. These instruments don’t [Inaudible] where the experiments are being done. While DNA sequencing is a part of all of our workloads, the vast majority of our customers do not own DNA sequencers, which tend to be used at centralized facilities. Typically, in these cases, DNA fragments that are produced as part of our workflow are sent to a third party or another lab for sequencing.

This means that while Chromium can work as a centralized instrument and can be used by multiple users, it is designed and priced to be decentralized to enable utilization and adoption on every lab [Inaudible]. We have now built a large commercial organization to drive both instrument placements and adoption. That organization consists of over 200 employees, including a direct sales force in North America and most of Europe. In Asia Pacific, there is a hybrid structure where 10x employees in key countries work directly with our commercial partners, who in turn are responsible for all of our sales in that region.

At 10x, the most important thing to us is the success of our customers. To that end, we have built a global team of field-based application specialists and technical support scientists to help customers succeed with a specific focus on their early experience with our products. We have also developed a number of online tools that assist in customer support and training. All of these helps increase the usage of our products.

Ultimately, what matters to us is that our customers can do their research effectively and drive their science forward. Now turning the attention to last quarter. I’d like to give an update by orienting around three key themes: product innovation [Inaudible], operational execution, and what we have done to address some of the longer-term risks. First on products.

Our philosophy is to invest in programs that have the potential for exponential impact on the market. We see a wealth of opportunities in front of us and are expanding our investments in R&D. We now have more resources to do so and are taking advantage of that. Our team is working on a number of programs that we believe could add substantially to our long-term growth.

We’re very excited about the pipeline of new products as we look to the year there. The first product we’re launching as a public company is the new Visium Spatial Gene Expression Solution. Last year, we acquired the Swiss company called Spatial Transcriptomics that provided a foundation on which we’re building spatial analysis products. At the time of the acquisition, Spatial Transcriptomics was in the market with an early stage product.

Since acquiring the company, we have worked hard to bring those products up to the high standards we have for our commercial offerings. Our upgraded version is a complete end-to-end solution with all the reagents and all the software included. Visium now has five times greater resolution, more than 10 times greater sensitivity and a significantly simplified workflow that have decreased protocol time from three days to one. This product will enable unbiased large-scale gene expression measurements with spatial information from tissue sections.

We began taking preorders of Visium in September and showed a lot of data in detail at the ASHG conference in October. We are very excited about this product and its potential. Even though it’s early days, the interest we’re seeing from new customers has exceeded our expectations. We’re anticipating a — particularly in terms of interest in oncology, neuroscience, and developmental biology, but spending money — spending [Inaudible] as well.

we expect to begin shipping Visium products by the end of the year. The third quarter once again saw a large increase in publications from our customers’ labs. While there are many great discoveries to choose from, I wanted to highlight two papers in the area of immuno-oncology that together made use of our gene expression, immune profiling, and epigenetic solutions. This [Inaudible] of papers out of Stanford focused on understanding how immune therapy works to treat cancer.

While immune therapies have had a revolutionary impact on cancer treatment, the central challenge of the field is to understand how they work and why they’re only effective in a fraction of patients. These Stanford publications focused on basal cell carcinoma and made some pretty dramatic discoveries. They learned the checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy works by recruiting new immune cells to fight cancer rather than reactivating existing immune cells from within the tumor. They also gained a deep understanding of how the therapy responds when immune cells are regulated.

These discoveries lay the foundation for new diagnostics, new drugs, and ultimately, may result in many lives being saved. This kind of work by our customers gives profound meaning to the work we do at 10x and is a huge motivator for the team. Now turning to operations. This was our largest quarter to date by just about any metric.

In terms of revenues, shipments, customers, just by itself, rapid growth from a high-volume base demonstrates really good operational execution. On top of that, last quarter saw a rapid uptake of our new next-gen architecture, which dramatically increased the complexity around managing multiple architectures in our inventory. I’m really proud of how the team executed through multiple product transitions, rapidly increasing volumes and increasing the complexity of the supply chain. We will continue to stay focused operationally and take steps to support current and future growth.

And finally, I will provide an update on some of our ongoing litigation. First, with respect to our defensive litigation before the International Trade Commission, the commission announced this week a delay in the final determination until December time. The final determination in the ITC litigation that we’ve brought against Bio-Rad should issue on December 19th. The litigation growth by virus is primarily based around a particular way of making droplets.

Over the last several years, we have developed a dramatically different approach to make it droplets but it uses very different physics. We call this approach Next GEM. We started shipping Next GEM products in May and have been onboarding new customers with Next GEM since then. At this point, all Chromium instruments that we sell now operate exclusively with our Next GEM solutions.

We’ve been very careful not to disrupt existing studies of our customers using our legacy GEM products, and we’ll continue selling them — those consumables until it’s the right time for them to switch. Overall, the transition to Next GEM has been going well, in many cases, a lot faster than we anticipated. We expect that Next GEM will constitute substantially all of our Chromium consumable sales by the end of 2020. We were also recently pleased to announce our settlement with Becton Dickinson.

We have cross-licensed certain patents related to molecular barcoding and single-cell analysis. As part of the agreement, each party has also entered into a covenant not sue in certain fields related to each company’s products. Then the end of result all outstanding patent litigation will be deemed. We now have over 650 patents issued or pending, including foundational patents and single-cell analysis, epigenomics, spatial analysis, and genomics.

We continue to invest heavily in developing our patent portfolio, which provides significant differentiation and protection. Overall, this has been a very eventful quarter at 10x Genomics. I’m very proud of the progress our team has made to date, and I’m confident we’re well-positioned to execute on our strategy going forward. And with that, I will now turn the call over to Justin McAnear for more details on our financials.

Justin McAnearChief Financial Officer

Thank you, Serge. Total revenue for the three months ended September 30th, 2019, was $61.2 million, compared to $36.6 million in the prior-year period, representing a 67% increase. Revenue in the quarter was driven primarily by sales of consumables of $49.7 million, which has increased 86% over the prior-year period. Instrument revenue was $10.4 million and has increased 13% over the prior-year period.

Service revenue was $1.1 million and increased 80% over the prior-year period. North America revenue for the third quarter was $35.8 million, representing 68% growth over the prior-year period. EMEA revenue for the third quarter was $12.1 million, representing 47% growth over the prior-year period. APAC revenue for the third quarter was $13.2 million, representing 89% growth over the prior-year period.

Gross profit for the third quarter of 2019 was $45.7 million, compared to a gross profit of $31.4 million in the prior-year period. Gross margin in the third quarter was 75% as compared to 86% during the third quarter of 2018. The gross margin decrease was driven by higher accrued royalties related to ongoing litigation. These royalty accruals are booked against our legacy GEM products and will decrease as we transition more customers to Next GEM products.

Total operating expenses for the third quarter of 2019 were $54.8 million, an increase of 18% from $46.3 million in the third quarter of 2018. R&D expenses for the third quarter of 2019 were $22.2 million, compared to $11.1 million in the third quarter of 2018, excluding in-process R&D expenses related to acquisitions. The increase was primarily attributable to higher investments in personnel, infrastructure, and supplies. SG&A expansion — SG&A expenses for the third quarter were $32.6 million, compared to $19.1 million in the third quarter of 2018.

The increase was primarily due to personnel costs with increased hiring across all SG&A functions, along with increased facilities costs due to the transition to our new global headquarters and increased legal costs. Loss from operations was $9.1 million, compared to a loss of $14.9 million in the third quarter of 2018. Net loss for the period was $9.6 million, compared to a net loss of $15.3 million in the third quarter of 2018. We ended the third quarter of 2019 with $427.4 million in cash and cash equivalents and raised $410.8 million net of underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses from our IPO in September 2019.

I’m immensely proud of how our team has executed. Our IPO process ran in parallel to multiple other efforts that required operational excellence. We have been preparing to be a public company long before we became one and have been making operational investments to manage our increasing size and complexity. Earlier in the year, we began the design phase of our new ERP project.

We are now in the implementation phase and expect to launch a new system mid next year. At the same time, we are expanding our worldwide manufacturing capabilities and expect to start manufacturing in Singapore next year. We will continue to invest in infrastructure to grow into the large and impactful company that we envisioned. Turning to our outlook for 2019, as Serge mentioned, we expect full-year revenue for 2019 to be in the range of $238 million to $242 million, representing growth of 63% to 65% over the full-year 2018.

At this point, I would like to turn the call back to Serge for closing comments.

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Justin. [Inaudible] 10x genomics with the goal of building technologies that will revolutionize biology. Since the company’s inception back in 2012, we have been on a rapid pace of product innovation, product development, and product launches. We used this ability to innovate and develop new products as an important pillar of our competitive advantage.

We have also built out a core strength with our commercial engine. This commercial leadership and close partnership with our customers allows us to have a unique view of the frontiers of biology to know where the world is going next. These insights are fed into our product development engine, helping us build products that are needed by our customers, thus furthering our commercial leadership. In this virtuous cycle driven by innovation and by customer success is the core of our strategy now and going forward.

We can’t wait to see the advances our customers will be making in the years ahead and the impact we expect to have in the coming decades. As far as we have come in a few short years, we’re just getting started. And with that, we will now open it up to questions. Operator?

Questions & Answers:

Operator

[Operator instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Tycho Peterson from J.P. Morgan. Your line is open.

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Hey, thanks. I’ll start with Visium. Just ahead of the launch, curious about early interest levels, how you think about the funnel, do you envision more going to core labs or individual users? And over time, how do you think about the platform evolving as well? Is there an opportunity to get it optimized for an FFPE?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Tycho. Yeah. So I think that Visium is something that we’ve been excited for a while. The cool thing is really now being able to see data and showing the data to customers and being able to share that with them.

The — at the high level, I would say the interest level is quite striking, both in like the mix of new and existing customers. In terms of kind of the details, I’ll let Brad go into some of the specifics around your question.

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

Hi, Tycho. This is Brad. Yeah. I’d echo what Serge said that we’re seeing a much broader demand.

The lack of the upfront capital cost is allowing broad adoption and across individual labs and even to core labs and even service labs. So it’s really kind of across the board. So we’re — the customers are anxious to get the product, and we’re really anxious to get it to them.

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

And in turn, is there a pathway to get it optimized for FFPE samples over time?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Well, again, there’s no fundamental reason why this technology cannot work with FFPE, and that’s certainly something that we’ve — we seriously think about in our size.

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

And then as we think about the Next GEM transition, it sounds like it’s been pretty seamless from a customer perspective. Is that your view as well? Or has there been any kind of hiccups as you kind of roll customers over to Next GEM?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I would say the first to our answer is yes, and it’s been some — I would say, surprising, like the ease of which people have been transitioning the number of issues has been minimal. In many product transitions, there’s going to be some issues, but it’s been minimal from the customer side. So we’re quite pleased with that.

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

Yes. I’ll just add — this is Brad again. I just had — we’ve really tried to build the level of transparency and trust with our customers. And as we brought this product out, they — like we saw when we went from the version three to or two — version two to version three of our three prime product about a year ago, there’s an element of trust.

And we’ve seen, again, a much faster uptake and transfer to the Next GEM products.

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Last one is just on Chromium Connect. How should we think about the rollout there? And ultimately, what does that potentially do to pull-through on the system as you roll that out?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

So let’s say — we’re still in trying to launch in early 2020. I would let Justin comment on kind of a layback we’re expecting for the next year.

Justin McAnearChief Financial Officer

Sure. Hey, Tycho. As far as Chromium Connect goes, we’re definitely excited about that product. It’s a niche product that I think you’re gonna have to have a higher pull-through in there in order to justify the capital expenditure.

So the pull-through we expect will be greater than our Chromium instrument. But because of the large size of the Chromium install base right now, I think it will take a little bit of time before you see the impact of that in our overall average pull-through.

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

OK. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Derik Bruin of Bank of America. Your line is open.

Unknown speaker

Hey, guys. This is Mike [Inaudible] on for Derik. Thanks for taking the question. Congrats on the quarter first of all and on the IPO.

A couple of follow-up questions from me. The Next GEM chip conversion, could you give us a stat for where you were at the end of the quarter as a percent of your [Inaudible] that you indicated the end of 2020 still your target time line, but how far along into that are you so far?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Well, so — I don’t — we don’t that level of detail around the conversion stats. As I said before, it’s going faster than we expected, and we have sort of increased level of confidence in terms of the 2020 endpoints. And yeah, so that’s as far as we can say at this stage on this question.

Unknown speaker

OK. And then —

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

Just to add to that, all the instruments that we’re currently shipping today do not — that they run Next GEM exclusively, so there’s no royalty, no variability test for those. And so really, you’re talking about just the transition of consumables, which, yes, end of 2020 is still what we expect. And I mean, if you were to make an assumption, I would probably basically make a straight line assumption from mid-year to then.

Unknown speaker

All right. That’s helpful. And then on the Visium launch, as you ramp up over the course of the fourth quarter and then through next year, how do you think about the impact that’s gonna have on the utilization number you highlighted for the Chromium? I mean, I think of it that, for the most part, at least in the beginning, the product is gonna go through your existing customers that are running some of your other applications. I realize they’re obviously not interchangeable.

But just in terms of a funds perspective on how people spend their — the money to allocate it toward some of these more innovative research projects, do you anticipate that the spend on Visium will be purely additive? Or do you anticipate some sort of cannibalization in the model?

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

OK. And this is Brad. Derik, I’ll take that. First off, the Visium product doesn’t actually run on the chromium.

So that’s really not dependent on that. What we’ve seen so far is about 20% of the customers for our Visium product are new to 10x. So that’s interesting. We expect that percentage to grow over time.

I would say through the balance of 2020 and probably into 2021, this would be clearly additive. I don’t see it as cannibalizing at all. At some point, as datasets get developed over time and as we improve all of our products, there might be some customers that preferentially would go toward a spatial context versus associated context. But in the near future, I don’t see any cannibalization.

Unknown speaker

Thanks. And one last one for me. On the — in your prepared remarks, Serge, you talked about the increased R&D spend. Anything you can point to there? I mean, there’s a healthy amount of R&D already in the model.

Are you thinking of, is this sort of incremental tweaks to the product and to the workflow? Or is there some new applications, technology, or potentially even another box you’re thinking of?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

So we are investing — I mean, it’s a very good point, Mike. Yeah. We’re investing pretty heavily, and we’re [Inaudible] across the board in R&D. It does include existing products and existing applications, but we’re also looking at things that are much further out, and so across the full spectrum of solutions for our customers and beyond.

Unknown speaker

Thanks.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Doug Schenkel of Cowen and Company. Your line is open.

Adam WieschhausCowen and Company — Analyst

This is Adam Wieschhaus on for Doug. Thanks for taking the question. You know the ITC case has been delayed further until December 10, which follows a series of earlier delays. Is there anything to read into the fact that this case has been delayed five or so times now? Can you give us your updated thoughts on how you’re thinking about the likely outcomes and if a potential negative impact is [Inaudible] this on?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Adam. Good question, and the answer is we don’t really know, and we can’t really speculate what it means. It’s now the seventh time I believe that’s gotten delayed. So it could be anything.

Fundamentally, though, as we said before, during a roadshow beyond that, we are well set up, so that sort of regardless the outcome of the company is fine. We built out our U.S. manufacturing capacity, and it’s all in good shape. So kind of regardless of what happens there, we’re in good shape.

Adam WieschhausCowen and Company — Analyst

And Serge, you noted in your prepared remarks, the Chromium pull-through is averaged around $103,000 per system. How should we think about the potential for upside from that number based on what that level of pull-through implies for the current utilization and the expectation for additional application to come out the instrument?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Well, so at a high level, I would say there’s multiple — it’s an average, and averages kind of secure multiple dynamics that are going on underneath. And one of the things we’ve seen consistently is that our existing customers keep increasing the usage of the systems. New customers take some time to ramp up, and we’ve placed a lot of instruments out there in the field over the last year and really the last couple of years. And so that naturally brings the average up.

Of course, we put out new applications, those push the average up. There’s also a new geography component where the Americas tend to be the highest pull-through rate and Asia Pacific tends to be lower. And so to the extent that we have more sales going in APAC, that’s also going to bring the average down somewhat. So there’s multiple factors like this that kind of come together that feed into average.

Adam WieschhausCowen and Company — Analyst

OK. Maybe one last one for Justin. The midpoint of Q4 implies a pretty big step-up sequentially. Can you provide any more color on how you arrived at that guidance range? Are you contemplating both placement and pull-through sequential increases like we’ve seen in previous years?

Justin McAnearChief Financial Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Adam. We believe our guidance is pretty balanced. We factor in both the market opportunity and our ability to execute.

We look at the install base. We have a pretty good read on our sales pipeline as far as how many instruments we’re gonna place for this year. And then just seasonally, the fourth quarter of the year is typically our biggest year due to the budgetary cycles of our customers ending at that point. So we feel good about the range that we provided, and we feel that it presents a balanced view of all these different dynamics.

Adam WieschhausCowen and Company — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Luke Sergott of Evercore ISI. Your line is open.

Luke SergottEvercore ISI — Analyst

Hey, guys. Just kinda wanna dig in a little bit on the placements and what you’re seeing there from the clinical or regular academic setting?

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

So generally, maybe I’ll give a kind of an overview and then maybe Brad can add a few remarks. But overall, the demand seems fair — like robust and the placements keep going at a nice clip. We — as in prior quarters, our — we — displacements are concentrated in academia. We have — we have placements outside in the [Inaudible] sector as well, not really in the clinic, that’s not really our focus.

I would say, yeah, I mean [Inaudible] we have relative to the product where we might have had a pull-in of a few instruments because of the sort of the litigation events that happened last quarter.

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

Luke, this is Brad. Maybe to add a little bit of color to that, we saw really strong instrument placements and demand in Asia. That’s been ramping up. They’re kind of early in the cycle for us.

We’ve had a team there for about 18 months, and that’s really starting to pay off, particularly in China. In China, we do see a lot more applications and — but I would say, translational research or clinical research. So we see that receiving more. And I would just echo Serge across the rest of the geographies, there’s that combination of new to 10x people that are adopting single cell for the first time or people that are — have been using it, as we would call it halo user and buy their own instrument.

And that’s really kind of playing out the pattern that’s somewhat predictable for us.

Luke SergottEvercore ISI — Analyst

OK. That’s helpful. And then, I guess, if you guys disclosed any of the multi-unit placements that you’ve had out there?

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

No, no, we haven’t. And then we certainly have a range of multiple institutions having multiples and some institutions that have smaller ones.

Luke SergottEvercore ISI — Analyst

Yes. OK. Great. Thanks.

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Luke.

Operator

That brings us to the end of the Q&A session. I will now turn the call over to Serge Saxonov for closing remarks.

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Well, thanks, everyone, and have a great evening.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 37 minutes

Call participants:

Unknown speaker

Serge SaxonovFounder and Chief Executive Officer

Justin McAnearChief Financial Officer

Tycho PetersonJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Brad CrutchfieldChief Commercial Officer

Adam WieschhausCowen and Company — Analyst

Luke SergottEvercore ISI — Analyst

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